He finished graduate studies at the Faculty of Physics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) in 1964. In 1967 he closed the registration and conferment procedure for a doctoral degree at MSU in specialization of Theoretical Physics under supervision of Academician N. N. Bogoliubov.
He obtained PhD degree in 1968 (MSU)
In 1983 he defensed at MGU the degree of Doctor of Sciences.
Since 1990 he has became Professor.
The head of the Center of Gravitation and Fundamental Metrology (VNIIMS), the chairman of the Scientific Council of IGC PFUR, Professor of PFUR, the President of Russian Gravitational Society, the Editor of international journal „Gravitation & Cosmology” published by Springer.
The author of 4 monographies and more than 290 scientific papers published in referred journals.
The Academician of Metrological Academy , the member of Scientific Council in Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences
He was invited Professor in many scientific organizations: Observatoire Paris-Mendon (1999); LUTh, Observatorie de Paris 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007; Universite Paris-7 (2005, 2006); itp. Universite de Province, Marseille, France (1996, 1999); Aegean University, Greece (1998, 1999); NWU, Nara, Japan (1999-2000); CINVESTAV, Mexico (2000-2001).
The head of the scientific grants Minobrnauki, RFFI, DFG (Germany), CNPq (Brazil)
The chairman of Organizing Committees of 12 Russian gravitational conferences, starting 1989
The director of courses of International school in gravitation and cosmology in Erice (Sicilly) in 1987, 2003, 2004
The chairman of jointed scientific seminar PFUR-VNIIMS and cochairman of the scientific seminar of Russian Gravitational Society
The Research Interests of Professor V. N. Melnikov include:
– gravitation and cosmology in diverse dimensionalities , exact solutions
– quantum cosmology
– fundamental metrology, fundamental physical constants and their stability
– dark energy and dark matter
– theory of gravitational expoeriments, particularly cosmic experiments